That’s the gist of TransUnion’s analysis of how Americans were managing credit card debt in the first quarter of this year. New credit card originations grew substantially in 2011 and the trend has continued in Q1 2012. A larger share of the new cards went to consumers with less-than-stellar credit scores, even as demand among prime borrowers also increased.
Both the delinquency rate and the average borrower’s indebtedness to credit cards fell on a quarterly basis, following increases in both categories in the previous two quarters, we learn. However, while delinquencies are in all-time-low territory, the average credit card debt has actually risen from its Q1 2011 level. Let’s take a closer look at the numbers.
Americans Get 20% More Credit Cards in 2011
The number of credit card accounts opened in 2011 was higher by 20 percent than the number of accounts opened in 2010, TransUnion tells us. Moreover, while in 2010 only 21.8 percent of the new accounts went to consumers with a VantageScore (a credit score maintained by the three national credit bureaus and ranging from 501 – 990) below 700, that ratio had grown to 24.2 percent in 2011 and was at 24.1 in Q1 2012.
The good news is that the increase in lending to sub-prime borrowers has not led to higher credit card delinquencies. In fact, the rate of late payments has fallen both in 2011 on a yearly basis and in Q1 2012 relative to the previous quarter.
Credit Card Delinquency Rate down to 0.73%
TransUnion reports that the U.S. credit card delinquency rate fell to 0.73 percent in Q1 2012, down from 0.78 percent in the previous quarter, but is virtually unchanged on a year-over-year basis. It is well below the historical averages, we are told.
It is worth pointing out that TransUnion’s quarterly reports are in many ways more valuable than the data we get from the credit card issuers’ monthly regulatory filings, because the credit bureau’s data give us a more comprehensive picture of Americans’ debt repayment behavior. While the issuers calculate their delinquency ratios on a per-account basis, rather than per customer, TransUnion measures it as the proportion of consumers who are late on a payment to any one of their credit cards. Moreover, the credit agency defines a payment as delinquent if it is 90 days or more past due, whereas the issuers use two different time periods: early-stage delinquencies for payments late by 30 – 59 days and late-stage delinquencies for payments overdue by 60 days or more. So TransUnion’s delinquency rate lies somewhere between the issuers’ delinquency and charge-off (default) rates (accounts are typically charged off as losses at 180 days after the date of the last payment).
Mississippi Has the Highest Delinquency Rate, North Dakota – the Lowest
In Q1 2012, only three states and the District of Columbia saw an increase in their delinquency rates. Listed below are the states leading both ends of TransUnion’s table of credit card delinquencies:
1. Mississippi — 1.16%.
2. Georgia — 0.99%.
3. Alabama — 0.97%.
4. Arkansas — 0.97%.
47. Nebraska — 0.49%.
48. Iowa — 0.48%.
49. South Dakota — 0.41%.
50. North Dakota — 0.33%.
The biggest year-over-year delinquency decline was measured in South Dakota – 22.64 percent.
Credit Card Debt Slightly Up
On average, credit card debt per borrower fell by $242 in Q1 2012 on a quarterly basis, to $4,962, but the current level is higher by $283 than the one measured in Q1 2011 — $4,679 — which was the lowest in 10 years.
Here is the list of the leading states by average credit card debt per borrower on both ends of the agency’s quarterly table:
1. Alaska — $6,801.
2. Colorado — $5,729.
3. North Carolina — $5,626.
4. Connecticut — $5,501.
47. South Dakota — $4,251.
48. West Virginia?á– $4,226.
49. North Dakota?á– $3,998.
50. Iowa — $3,893.
The biggest year-over-year decline in credit card debt was recorded in Mississippi — 3.98 percent — and the biggest increase — in New Jersey — 11.75 percent.
TransUnion’s is only the latest report to show a continuing decline in the nation’s credit card delinquency rate. Moody’s, a credit ratings agency, reported an all-time-record-low delinquency rate in March (measured as the ratio of payments late by 30 days or more) and all six-biggest U.S. card issuers recorded a decrease for the month. Moreover, the ongoing decline of the early-stage delinquency rate (payments late by 30 – 59 days) indicates that the headline rate will keep falling for some more time to come.
On the other hand, the aggregate amount of credit card debt, having fallen precipitously in the wake of the Lehman collapse in September 2008, seems to have bottomed out and may be on the rise again. The current level — $803.63 billion — is still very close to the post-Lehman low of $789.6 billion recorded in April of last year, but credit is now more readily available and Americans are more willing to use it. The good news is that, even as they are once again spending more freely, Americans are also paying back a much bigger share of the principal than they have done historically.
Here is a nice infographic that came with TransUnion’s report:
Image credit: Jtimothyking.com.